The article incidentally notes that,
"We do know that Jupiter emits 67% more radiation than it receives from the Sun. This is due to an internal heat source, which is thought to drive much of Jupiter\'s weather, including, presumably, the Great Red Spot. The heat likely is generated by the gradual contraction of matter under Jupiter's enormous gravity."Warmists claim gravity cannot be the cause of any so-called "greenhouse effect" (or the "gravito-thermal greenhouse effect") on Earth, Jupiter, nor any other planet, yet overwhelming observational evidence for every planet in our solar system (with adequate observational data - 8 planets at this point) clearly demonstrates that surface and atmospheric temperatures are a sole function of gravity/mass/pressure and independent of greenhouse gas concentrations.
In the case of Jupiter, a gas planet composed almost entirely of the non-IR-active, non-greenhouse gases hydrogen and helium, there is no solid planetary surface nor greenhouse gases to allegedly "trap" solar radiation, yet Jupiter has an "internal heat source" that causes a thermal enhancement ("gravito-thermal greenhouse effect") resulting in emission of 67% more radiation than it receives from the Sun. The only possible explanation of this is gravity, not radiative forcing from the Sun nor greenhouse gases, and hence the mass/pressure/gravity gravito-thermal greenhouse effect of Maxwell, Clausius, Carnot, Boltzmann, Helmholtz, Feynman, US Std Atmosphere, the HS greenhouse equation is corroborated on 9 planets.
Likewise, the ice planet Uranus has recently been observed to have storms at the top of the atmosphere radiating at blackbody temperatures hotter than required to melt steel. In addition,
"the base of the troposphere on the planet Uranus is 320K, considerably hotter than on Earth [288K], despite being nearly 30 times further from the Sun. The base of the troposphere on Uranus is 320K at 100 bars pressure, despite the planet only receiving 3.71 W/m2 energy from the Sun. By the Stefan-Boltzmann Law, a 320K blackbody radiates 584.6 W/m2. This is 157.5 times the energy received from the Sun, due to the atmospheric temperature gradient produced within a planetary gravity field. The temperature at the base of the troposphere is determined by the ideal gas law PV=nRT, where pressure from gravity and atmospheric mass raise the temperature at the base of the troposphere from the equilibrium temperature with the Sun of Uranus of 89.94K to 320K, regardless of the atmospheric mixture of greenhouse gases."Once again, the only possible explanation of both of these phenomena on Uranus is the Maxwell et al gravito-thermal greenhouse effect, thus bringing the number of planets for which very strong evidence exists to a total of ten.
On Venus, we know from the NASA Fact Sheet:
Surface pressure: 92 bars = 92000 mbar Surface density: ~65. kg/m3 = 65000 g/m3 Scale height: 15.9 km Total mass of atmosphere: ~4.8 x 1020 kg Average temperature: 737 K (464 C) Diurnal temperature range: ~0 Wind speeds: 0.3 to 1.0 m/s (surface) Mean molecular weight: 43.45 Atmospheric composition (near surface, by volume): Major: 96.5% Carbon Dioxide (CO2), 3.5% Nitrogen (N2) Minor (ppm): Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) - 150; Argon (Ar) - 70; Water (H2O) - 20; Carbon Monoxide (CO) - 17; Helium (He) - 12; Neon (Ne) - 7
We can easily calculate the gravito-thermal greenhouse effect surface temperature of Venus using the ideal gas law
T = PV/nR = 92000/(65000/43.45*0.083144621) = 739K
which is within 2K (or 2C) of NASA observations of 737K as noted above, leaving essentially no room for any sort of Arrhenius radiative greenhouse effect on Venus. Note below also, the blackbody temperature of Venus is 184.2K, therefore mass/gravity/pressure alone has thermally enhanced the surface temperature of Venus by a factor of
737K/184.2K = 4 times
Thus, the Arrhenius radiative greenhouse effect is falsified on the basis of observations and first physical principles, and the only possible alternative greenhouse theory of Maxwell et al confirmed.
Bulk parameters Venus vs. Earth
Venus Earth Ratio (Venus/Earth) Mass (1024 kg) 4.8676 5.9726 0.815 Volume (1010 km3) 92.843 108.321 0.857 Equatorial radius (km) 6051.8 6378.1 0.949 Polar radius (km) 6051.8 6356.8 0.952 Volumetric mean radius (km) 6051.8 6371.0 0.950 Ellipticity (Flattening) 0.000 0.00335 0.0 Mean density (kg/m3) 5243 5514 0.951 Surface gravity (eq.) (m/s2) 8.87 9.80 0.905 Surface acceleration (eq.) (m/s2) 8.87 9.78 0.907 Escape velocity (km/s) 10.36 11.19 0.926 GM (x 106 km3/s2) 0.3249 0.3986 0.815 Bond albedo 0.90 0.306 2.94 Visual geometric albedo 0.67 0.367 1.83 Visual magnitude V(1,0) -4.40 -3.86 - Solar irradiance (W/m2) 2613.9 1367.6 1.911 Black-body temperature (K) 184.2 254.3 0.724 Topographic range (km) 15 20 0.750 Moment of inertia (I/MR2) 0.33 0.3308 0.998 J2 (x 10-6) 4.458 1082.63 0.004 Number of natural satellites 0 1 Planetary ring system No No
|Thermal enhancement or gravito-thermal greenhouse curve for 8 planets|