|Solar geomagnetic activity is highly correlated to global temperature|
1 Solar-Terrestrial inﬂuences Laboratory, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bl.3 Acad.G.Bonchev str. 1113, Soﬁa, Bulgaria
2 Istituto Nazionale di Geoﬁsica e Vulcanologia, Roma, Italy
Abstract. Solar activity, together with human activity, is considered a possible factor for the global warming observed in the last century. However, in the last decades solar activity has remained more or less constant while surface air temperature has continued to increase, which is interpreted as an evidence that in this period human activity is the main factor for global warming. We show that the index commonly used for quantifying long-term changes in solar activity, the sunspot number, accounts for only one part of solar activity and using this index leads to the underestimation of the role of solar activity in the global warming in the recent decades. A more suitable index is the geomagnetic activity which reﬂects all solar activity, and it is highly correlated to global temperature variations in the whole period for which we have data.