Accumulated solar energy drives global surface temperatures:
Solar activity drives sea surface temperatures:
Solar activity drives ocean oscillations [plus possible lunar-solar tide influence]:
And also see this paper finding solar activity drives the NAO with a lag of a few years
And an increase of accumulated solar energy [sunspot time-integral] warms the bulk of the oceans due to the deep penetration of high-energy solar UV of up to 100 meter depth [vs. only a few microns penetration of longwave IR from greenhouse gases].
|The sunspot time-integral shown in green has been on an increasing trend since the beginning of the Mauna Loa CO2 record shown in red. Increasing solar activity warms the oceans, which drives CO2 outgassing via Henry's Law, increasing CO2 levels in the atmosphere.|
Plot graph here that simultaneously demonstrates the observational evidence that
The effect follows the cause; the cause does not follow the effect [mathematical proof]. Short-term global temperature changes precede CO2 levels by about 1 year as shown by observations, and by 800+ years in ice core data. CO2 lags temperature on short, intermediate, and long-term timescales [and see here]:
And CO2 lags temperatures on long-term timescales by ~800 years:
But you simply cannot have it both ways – that is an “Inconvenient Truth” !!
Either the oceans are getting warmer and the CO2 concentration in seawater is decreasing – which means that ocean acidification by man-made CO2 from the atmosphere is complete BS !!
- or -
The man-made CO2 from the atmosphere IS dissolving in cooler oceans causing ocean acidification – which means that warming oceans and the associated sea level rises are BS !!
Take your pick – REAL SCIENCE says you can’t have both.