Snowfall time-series reconstruction in Italy over the last 300 years
- Silvia Enzi, Kleiò ass., via del Cristo 128, Padova 35127, Italy. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Snow events are not a rare episode in Mediterranean area, especially in northern and hilly areas of Italy. However, snowfall occurring quasi-simultaneously in the whole peninsula is extraordinary. This study collects, reconstructs, and analyzes the extraordinary snowfall episodes that occurred simultaneously in the whole Italian peninsula since 1709. This is the longest snowfall time series in the central Mediterranean area. The data, obtained by several documentary sources (from ancient archival to online databases), have been analyzed using different statistical tests, in order to explore normality, homogeneity, and stationarity. The results are characterized by a time-series stationarity with a quasi 60- and 100-year-dominant oscillation. No clear trend in the snowfall episode records is found. The 60-year cycle roughly matches with global-scale oscillations linked to natural forces, such as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and the winter North Atlantic Oscillation. Particular attention was directed to analyze the impact of snowfall on pre-industrial society, underlining the differences among northern and central regions, where snow was a more usual phenomenon, and its impact was mainly on transports of supplies or exceptionally on buildings, and southern regions, where it had a stronger impact also on orchards and cattle.
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