The paper joins many other peer-reviewed publications in the literature describing solar amplification mechanisms, whereby tiny changes in solar activity have large-scale effects on global climate, and which are ignored by IPCC climate models.
|Excerpt from paper showing derivation of numerical solution for rate of precipitation related to solar activity|
Fig. 1. Result on the left panel compares the computed (red curve) annual rate of precipitation variability to the smoothed observed (blue curve) yearly homogeneous Indian summer monsoon rainfall (sum over all the four monsoonal rainy months of June-September) variability data (i.e., so-called ‘‘Parthasarathy’’ record obtained from the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology; the website is maintained by Rupa Kumar and colleagues, see Hiremath and Mandi (2004) for details of the data set) for the 1871 to 2005 interval. The simulated precipitation presented on the right panel is the same as left panel but the observed (combined data of North West and Peninsular India) rainfall is taken from Sontakke et al., 2008 (also obtained from the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology website). Error bar (¼ r=ðnÞ1=2, where r is standard deviation and n is number of 4 monthly points of the June-September rainfall) of the observed rainfall is computed from the summer monsoon rainfall data and those error bars are not shown on the ﬁgure in order to avoid the excessive crowding of data points and time series. The maximum values of the measurement error bars for two observational data sets are 48 mm and 53 mm, respectively.
Fig. 3. Top panel: Same as Figs. 1 and 2, but both Parthasarathy’s and Sontakke’s data are over plotted on the simulated monsoon rainfall. The maximum values of the measurement error bars, not shown on the ﬁgure in order to avoid excessive crowding of data points, for both data sets are 48 mm and 53 mm, respectively. Bottom panel: Simulated and observed (both Parthasarathy and Sontakke) rainfall data from 1871 to 2005 plotted in percentage anomaly units also without the measurement error bars shown.
New paper finds another potential solar amplification mechanism via monsoon oscillations
New paper finds effect of natural variations on monsoon rainfall 9 times more important than greenhouse gases