Monday, May 6, 2013

New paper finds global temperature is highly correlated to Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

A new paper published in the Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres finds global temperatures are closely correlated to the natural Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation [AMO]. The authors also find strong evidence of a 9 year cycle of the AMO, which prior papers have linked to the 9-year lunar/solar cycle. Prior research has also demonstrated that the Northern Hemisphere (NH) surface temperature "can be nearly perfectly represented as a weighted sum of the AMO and PDO [Pacific Decadal Oscillation]" natural ocean oscillations. These papers and many others demonstrate how the natural variations of solar activity, planetary motions, and ocean oscillations can fully explain climate change without any alleged influence of man-made CO2. 

Decadal Variations in the Global Atmospheric Land Temperatures

Richard A. Muller, Judith Curry, et al

Abstract: Interannual to decadal variations in Earth global temperature estimates have often been identified with El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. However, we show that variability on timescales of 2–15 years in mean annual global land surface temperature anomalies Tavg are more closely correlated with variability in sea surface temperatures in the North Atlantic. In particular, the cross-correlation of annually-averaged values of Tavg with annual values of the AMO, the Atlantic Mutidecadal Oscillation index, is much stronger than the cross-correlation of Tavg with ENSO. The pattern of fluctuations in Tavg from 1950 to 2010 reflects true climate variability, and is not an artifact of station sampling. A world map of temperature correlations shows that the association with AMO is broadly distributed and unidirectional. The effect of El Nino on temperature is locally stronger, but can be of either sign, leading to less impact on the global average. We identify one strong narrow spectral peak in the AMO at period 9.1 ± 0.4 years and p-value 1.7% (CL 98.3%). Variations in the flow of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation may be responsible for some of the 2–15 year variability observed in global land temperatures.

1 comment:

  1. one of many other papers showing ocean oscillations [AMO & PDO] control global temperatures